Computer Science: Abbreviations

In this chapter, we will discuss the different abbreviations in Computer Science. The following table lists down those abbreviations −

Abbreviation Full-name
A/D Analog-to-Digital
ABC Atanasoff Berry Computer
ACM Association for Computing Machinery
AI Artificial Intelligence
ALGOL Algorithic Language
ALU Arithmetic Logic Unit
AMD Advanced Micro Devices
APRANET Advanced Research Project Agency Network
ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange
BASIC Beginners All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
BCD Binary Coded Decimal
BIOS Basic Inpute Output System
BIPS Billions of Instructions Per Second
BPI Bytes Per Inch
CAD Computer Aided Design
CAE Computer Aided Engineering
CAN Campus Area Network
CASE Computer Aided Software Engineering
CD Compact Disk
CDC Control Data Corporation
CD-R CD-Recordable
CD-ROM Compact Disk Read Only Memory
CD-RW CD Read/Write
CL Command Language
CLI Command Line Interface
COBOL Common Business Oriented
CODASYL Conference On Data Systems
CPU Central Processing Unit
CRT Cathode Ray Tube
D/A Digital-to-Analog
DAT Digital Audio Tape
DBMS Data Base Management System
DBS Demand Based Switching
DDL Data Definition Language
DDS Digital Data Storage
DEC Digital Equipment Corporation
DMA Direct Memory Access
DNA Digital Network Architecture
DPI Dots Per Inch
DRAM Dynamic RAM
DSN Distributed Systems Network
DTS Digital Theater System
DVD Digital Video/Versatile Disk
EBCDIC Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code
EDSAC Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator
EDVAC Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Calculator
EFM Eight-to-Fourteen Modulation
ENIAC Electronic Numerical Integrator And Calculator
EPG Electronic Programming Guide
EPIC Explicitly Parallel Instruction Computing
EPROM Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory
FAT File Allocation Table
FDM Frequency Division Multiplexing
FEP Front End Processor
FLOPS Floating Point Operations Per Second
FM Frequency Modulation
FMS File Management System
FSK Frequency Shift Keying
FTP File Transfer Protocol
GB Giga Bytes
GHz Giga Hertz
GNU Gnu Not Unix
GPRS General Packet Radio Service
GSM Global System for Mobile communication
GUI Graphical User Interface
HP Hewlett Packard
HSS Hierarchical Storage System
HTML HyperText Markup Language
HTTP HyperText Transport Protocol
IBM International Business Machine
IC Integrated Circuit
IDN Integrated Digital Networks
IP Internet Protocol
IrDA Infrared Data Association
ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network
ISP Internet Service Provider
JPEG Joint Photographic Experts Group
JRE Java Runtime Engine
JSP Java Server Pages
KB Kilo Bytes
KHz Kilo Hertz
LAN Local Area Network
LCD Liquid Crystal Display
LED Light Emitting Diode
LPM Line Per Minute
LSI Large Scael Integration
MAN Metropolitan Area Network
MAR Memory Address Register
MB Mega Bytes
MBR Memory Buffer Register
MHz Mega Hertz
MIDI Musical Instrument Digital Interface
MIPS Millions of Instructions Per Second
MNP Microcom Network Protocol
MPEG Moving Pictures Experts Group
MS-DOS MicroSoft Disk Operating System
MVT Multiprogramming with Variable Tasks
NIC Network Interface Card
NICNET National Informatics Center NETwork
NOS Network Operating System
OCR Optical Character Recognition
OMR Optical Mark Reader
OS Operating System
OSI Open System Interconnection
OSS Open Source Software
PAN Personal Area Network
PC Personal Computer
PDF Portable Document Format
PDL Program Design Language
PDP Program Data Processor
PIP Peripheral Interchange Program
PROM Programmable Read-Only Memory
QoS Quality of Service
RAM Random Access Memory
ROM Read Only Memory
SDLC Software Development Life Cycle
SEQUEL Structured English QUEry Language
SGML Syntax for Generalized Markup Language
SIMM Single In-line Memory Module
SNA Systems Network Architecture
SNOBOL StriNg Oriented and symBOlic Language
SQL Structured Query Language
SSI Small Scale Integration
TB Tera Bytes
TCP Transport Control Protocol
TDM Time Division Multiplexing
UDP User Datagram Protocol
ULSI Ultra Large Scale Integration
UPC Universal Product Code
URL Uniform Resource Locator
USB Universal Serial Bus
UTF Unicode Transformation Format
VAN Value Added Network
VCR Video Cassette Recorder
VDT Video Display Terminal
VGA Video Graphics Array
VOD Video-On-Demand
VoIP Voice over Internet Protocol
VSAT Very Small Aperture Terminal
WAN Wide Area Network
WAP Wireless Application Protocol
WiMAX Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access
WLAN Wireless Local Area Network
WLL Wireless Local Loop
WORM Write Once Read Many
WWW World Wide Web
XHTML eXtensible HyperText Markup Language
XML eXtensible Markup Language
X.400 Electronic Mail Protocol
X.500 Directory Server Protocol

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